The American Institute of Architects, or, AIA for short, is a trade organization that also serves as a non-governmental organization. The purpose of this group is to support fellow architects, while also, lobbying policymakers in Washington. One may be curious to know why this type of group would need to be politically involved. Since nearly everyone is a consumer of architecture, this is in the best interest of all parties involved. Executive Vice President and CEO, Robert Ivy, and, the AIA stand up to laws that undermine the integrity of the profession, and, the landscape.

The AIA supports architects through recognition, continuing education opportunities, sharing best practices, ethical guidelines, and, through identifying them as members of the organization. New architects entering the field can seek a mentor through the AIA, and, they also get support while beginning their careers in a challenging market. Robert Ivy and, the AIA, have made public awareness a top priority in educating the general public of the important role architects, and, architecture has in modern society.

The AIA also defends their profession, which has faced much competition from engineers, moving into the field. They also provide fair pricing and salary guidelines, so members are aware as to how they should be compensated. Visit AIA at The New York Times to know more.

The AIA, and, Robert Ivy also put sustainability as the main topic of concern within the profession. This is especially important, as it affects many areas in the field of architecture. The building materials, communities involved, energy sources, future generations, and, many other factors come into play when designing architecture. The AIA supports EISA, and, they’ve defended this legislation by debunking many myths that have been expressed by lawmakers to the general public.  Read this article at Architectural Record about Robert Ivy

The AIA also makes sure that all members, and, even those who interact with the business of architecture is acting in an ethically sound manner. They have an entire series of bylaws to display the organizational structure, the behaviors, and, even the expected roles that each party is to fulfill the organizational structure. This is especially important as architects have many legal responsibilities. Real estate laws, building laws and guideline, contracts, eminent domain, and, many other types of legal considerations play the role of the architect’s duties and responsibilities.

Given the current political climate, it’s more important than ever for the AIA to be active. Robert Ivy and, his dedicated team continue to support and advance the agenda for all those invested in the field of architecture.

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If there’s any issue on people’s mind today, it’s the current immigration debate. Both nativists and patriots are concerned about the future status of Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals, being the most important today. Many immigrants come to this country as children through no fault of their own. They are simply riding along with their parents and have only known America as their homeland. The Frontera Fund was started as a way to make sure these Americans had a chance to fight for their rights and their place in the only country they have ever known.   The most important thing to remember about the work of the Frontera Fund is that they are one of the last barriers between dreamers and deportation. They provide the funding dreamers will need to fight cases and to protect themselves from the dangers of deportation. Even though this danger is quite apparent, there are no other places they can go to find assistance. It must come from the Frontera Fund and others like this organization. Their efforts are never tiring, but are nonetheless essential for the fight against the current nativist regime that threatens to deport the children here under the DACA program.   The Trump administration has made it clear it wants to do everything it can to stop people from fighting against their nativism. After repealing DACA Trump is looking to use his wall and other political stunts to make things worse. The consequences of repealing DACA stretch far beyond the mundane. This can lead to fewer skilled workers, college graduates, and others we need. America wasn’t founded on this way of thinking and it won’t continue to prosper if this is allowed. Something must be done for those of us who are vulnerable. The Frontera Fund is fighting this battle in the heart of Arizona where much of the controversy boils. This state has given us the likes of Joe Arpaio and other nativists who wish to undue what makes America great. The time to put a stop to this has come and the right actions must be taken.  

The American Institute of Architects (AIA) is the foremost professional institute of United States practicing architects. Robert Ivy founded the AIA, with a mission of establishing the best practices for architecture and representing the field as a whole. They offer a variety of services including policy development, advocacy, outreach and education. The goal of their activities is to improve the understanding and public impression of architecture as a profession. The organization is headquartered in Washington D.C. and has multiple annual events as well as competitions for aspiring architects.

Gaining membership to the AIA signifies excellence in trade and a commitment to the community that is present in this profession. There are over ninety thousand practicing architects that have gained membership to this organization. The code of ethics as well as professionals displayed amongst members is unparalleled as they exhibit the greatest amount of dedication and standards for effective practice.

Membership can be constituted at different levels within the organization.The five levels are Allied member, emeritus memberer, International associate member, associate member and architect members. An architect member is someone who is involved with practicing in the United States and has gone through the necessary licensing procedures. Associate members are not necessarily licensed but may be able to work in the field of architecture with some supervision. They could have earned related professional degrees that are applicable in the field of design and are potentially professors or have received other forms of education. Robert Ivy established the AIA to incorporate all professionals who may be related to the practices in the field of architecture and remains an active member today.

International members were able to join based on holding licenses that were bestowed from a country other than the United States. Meanwhile, an emeritus member would have had membership for more than a decade and a half. They must also be above the age of sixty five and are potentially incapable of working in the field of architecture due to this fact. Finally, allied members are members of the AIA who are in contextual careers to the field of architecture as articulated originally by Robert Ivy.

This includes but is not limited to engineers, landscape architecture practitioners, planners and building or design positions. The partnerships with AIA and the American Architectural Foundation represent a motivation towards the core principles and a possibility for working in collaboration with multiple fields.

The AIA works with policy makers to create the best standards of practice in the economy today. Founder Robert Ivy wanted to create an environment for architects to explore the best outcomes in present and future work. The major objectives they have are to improve the American way of life and to incorporate meaningful suggestions in the governmental process for future architectural practices.

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The architects education is extremely vital. The architect is much more than a draftsperson. Architecture is among the most complex areas of study and practice today, and the path to a license can take at least a decade.

In the United States, the architecture student studies 5 to 8 years at an accredited university. Then each student must complete an internship marked at approximately 3,700 hours. Each internship takes roughly 3 to 5 years to complete.

The licensing exam is 7 parts, and it covers a vast array of topics such as programming, site planning, building design, construction systems, structural and building systems, and construction documents according to There are thousands of material products and assembly methods in which architects are familiar with.

Their knowledge in these variables build over time with experience, and strict professional requirements. This includes continuing their education. A building is deceivingly simple because most of what makes it function is hidden.

The architects work happens behind the scene, before anything is built. That is more than likely the factor that adds confusion on what architects really do. Buildings are extraordinarily complex living entities, and unless designed in detail before construction major complications can happen.

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The architects education is valuable to a client for a variety of reasons. Each individual is a trained designer, and they also manage their teams and observe construction to ensure their documents follow. Their education helps each person to create healthy spaces building science and aesthetic sensibility.

Most importantly a valuable service is being provided, and contrary to popular thinking, they can save the client money. The architects overall process includes drawings, specifications, experience, and knowledge. Each person is fully equipped to answer hundreds of questions from design details to materials and products.

Clients that choose not to use a professional service, more often than not, find themselves in unfamiliar territory. The process then becomes overwhelming due to deficient planning, and lack of insight. Poor choices are made, and unnecessary changes that negatively effect cost and schedule.

Robert Ivy, the CEO of the American Institute of Architects has implemented a number of different techniques for the advancement. Robert Ivy has released a number of ads showing on major television networks. These ads are in effort to raise consciousness on the value architects bring to communities. Ivy is tracking the progress, and he and his team are learning from what they see as far as engagement.


Trabuco Machine is an ancient device that was used in war. Also known as a balancing machine, Trabuco originates from a confrontational era in the ancient times. From the definition, the siege weapon was instrumental in multiple ways. Since 400 DC when the machine was introduced by the Chinese, Trabuco has been one of the most preferred machines in fighting. A few years into its launch, it was introduced in Europe. Until the introduction of gunpowder, the machine was popular in China. The Mongols also found it useful in attacking Fancheng.

Different uses of Trabuco War Machine

Used by the armies in the past, Trabuco was functional in destroying enemies. The machine was utilized to destroy massive walls; a strategy that smashed enemies. Inclusive in the machine was a projector. This part of Trabuco was useful in shooting massive walls. The armies found Trabuco instrumental especially in offering them protection. Being a powerful machine, it was used to launch projectiles. Some of these projectiles weighed approximately 140 pounds.


Trabuco operates by transforming the potential energy from the counterweight to the lever. Afterwards, the potential energy is channelled to the targeted object by driving ammunition towards the loaded side of the enemy’s walls. The first Trabuco machine was however, not as efficient. The weight of the machine is directly applied to the projectile. With a relatively, average amount of procession, the projectile might be unnerved up to 80 metres away. Initially, Trabuco was too heavy to be operated by one person. It had a sling and a lever; some of the features that most users found abrasive when it came to operating the machine.

The evolution of the war machine

From the large war machine, a smaller one was introduced. This explains the transition from a huge war machine to an average one, which could be operated by approximately 15 men. The small version of Trabuco was more effective as well. In addition, it was easier to generate in terms of features. In fact, it took about 12 days to come up with the smaller Trabuco. Even though Trabuco is no longer useful in the current generation, it can be built for various activities. It could be throwing paper balls or grapes. Read more:

Nowadays the desire of a consumer to buy a product is greatly influenced by the power of the crowd. Customers are relying on reviews done by the masses to determine the value of a product and trust the ones that tend to recommend them. Before purchasing a product, many people are currently researching the relevant companies and read reviews to make-up their minds. Due to this changing trend, Savvy brands exploiting its marketing strategy by focusing on the crowd reviews.

Fabletics has also not been left behind since it got established in 2013, it has developed more than two hundred percent of revenue that is more than 235 million dollars. This exponential growth has been significantly contributed by it embracing the use of crowd reviews. These consumer reviews can substantially increase customer purchase, can increase customers loyalty to a product and retention of a trademark in all industries.

In a recent research done, about 84 percent of people involved believe online reviews in the same level as a personal recommendation from an individual they know. This figure has been increasing every year the research gets done. Unlike before where the value of trust for products was low due to the traditional methods of marketing and advertising, currently, there is trust, safety, and power in views and response of the crowd.

In that research more than half of the customers involved, research a business at least once in every month. It is an increase of 23 percent. 60 percent of them said that a negative review makes them not use the business product. It shows that a company’s reputation is one the most influential customer considerations. Original, honest, reviews lift business’ bottom lines. Such reviews enhance search rankings, attracts many customers which leads to high revenue. As a business tactic, use of surveys in providing products or as part of your of customer service approach earns many loyal customers with high LTV and more returns on their investment.

It was at Beverly Hills Hotel where Kate Hudson walked over a red carpet. There were the usual hanger-on, celebs, and paparazzi that one would expect to find in Hollywood event. But this time, it was not one. Rather than marketing for a TV or a movie, they were celebrating the establishment of Fabletics’ collaboration with pop superstar Demi Lovato.

When the founders of TechStyle wanted to change the company to another brand, they did not know athleisure. But Kate Hudson came into their mind. Gregg says that Kate gave what they needed. It got attributed to her character of being approachable, straightforward and her active lifestyle. She participated in every activity of the business since day one. May it be reviewing the budget or getting a social media tactic, Kate was highly involved in it. She was also highly engaged in the process of design and worked closely with the relevant team to make sure that the styles stayed fresh.


Fagali’i Airport is a public airport that is operated by the Samoa Airport Authority. The renowned airport is located in the Fagali’i-Uta area in Samoa. The airport serves the entire Apia area and it has had a long and interesting history.

However, the airport hasn’t always been operated by the Samoa Airport Authority. Earlier it was operated and owned by the Samoa Government and the Polynesian Airlines. Fagali’i started out as a grass airstrip. However, in 2002 on July 6th the airport was reopened after renovations had been made on it. Unfortunately, the better looking paved airport was decommissioned again. This happened in 2005 after the local villagers and the Samoa Government complained about the loud noise emanating from the airport. Safety concerns were also raised by the same parties.

Interestingly Fagili’i airport was once again opened four years later in 2009 on July 1st by the Polynesian Airlines. However, this news was not taken well by everyone. There are some people who still raised issues that touched on safety, environmental implications, and the airport’s location. These groups of people heavily criticized the move of reopening the embattled airport again. Some of them argued that the scheme might fail and cause another burden to the local community that is adjacent to it.

However, this didn’t stop the resuming of regular and additional services at Fagili’i airport. International flights to American Samoa, Tonga, and Pago Pago could now operate from this airport. Over the years some renowned airlines have also functioned from the airport. They include; Samoa Air, Talofa Airways, South Pacific Island Airways and Polynesian Airlines among others.

Fagili’i airport is strategically placed and numerous infrastructures can be spotted near it. Popular and renowned hotels are also located very close to the hotel. Some of these hotels include; Taumeasina Island Resort which is 1.5 km away from the airport. Sheraton Samoa Aggie Grey’s Hotel and Bungalows is 2.9 km away from the airport. Insel Fehmarn Hotel which is almost adjacent to the airport and many others. All these hotels provide world-class services and they feature all the modern amenities that current hotels have.



Jeremy Goldstein possesses a doctorate from the New York University’s Law school. He further obtained his masters from Chicago University. He acquired his bachelor in arts from Cornell University. He is recorded to have had distinctions in all his subjects.

In his lawmaking career, he has had great success. He founded his firm after a series of undertakings in other law firms. Also, he is the chair of Mergers Acquisition subcommittee. The committee deals with compensation issues. As a corporate governance expert, he has written extensively on the topic.


Jeremy Goldstein has a firm belief in the implementation of knockout options. He outlines the benefits that are associated with knockout options. Employees will more often get tired of the selections approaches. Also, the fact that financial overburdening may occur is cited as an advantage.


Jeremy Goldstein further cites knockout options as being simple to understand. Such options are considered to provide the same value to all employees. A company’s success will most probably be prioritized as well. This is because the choices are valuable if only the company values rise.


Jeremy Goldstein believes in embracing knockouts. These are barriers to the financial success of a company. The process of adopting knockouts is simple. Employers should set a limit below which share values should not hit. As such, accounting costs will most likely reduce. The success of a company is therefore guaranteed.


Jeremy Goldstein believes that overhang threats are eliminated if knockout options are well embraced. Additionally, significant business obstacles are eradicated by knockout decisions. He possesses an extensive experience as a business lawyer. Many businesses, therefore, consult Jeremy Goldstein for any legal advice. Jeremy Goldstein’s success has been attributed to the excellence of his work.


Connect with Jeremy Goldstein on LinkedIn.

We are living in some of the most modern of times. Energy consumption is at an all-time high thanks to the abundance of electronic devices. The average household has a long list of energy drainers. This includes desktop computers, laptops, HDTVs, DVD players, fans, coffee machines, video gaming consoles, air conditioning units, appliances and fans. This list can go on and on, but did you know that if you leave your devices plugged in, the devices are still pulling current? Studies have shown that turning off the device doesn’t cut off its energy supply entirely. Leaving the lights on is another cash drainer and just about everyone is guilty of doing this. Read more about Stream Energy at

Phantom drain is the technical term of this situation, and it will definitely drain your spare cash by the end of the year. The amounts are in small amounts, but these small amounts really add up over a span of months. DVRs pull a lot of juice even though they’re not in use. On an annual basis, DVRs total cash draining amount is estimated at about $36. If you have an entertainment system that’s full of devices then the estimated reports stand at about $136 per year. That’s right! There are progressive things that you can do. This would include you to plug your devices into a power-strip. You could also just unplug the thing when you’re not using them. This is where Stream Energy comes into the picture, and it is changing the game thanks to it’s brilliant money saving services. Learn more at Biz Journals about Stream Energy.

Stream Energy is basically energy, home, wireless and protective services that can actually monitor and report household energy usage. The idea is rather brilliant and many people have jumped on-board. The company was started back in 2004 by Rob Snyder and Pierre Koshajki. Its business location is headquartered in Dallas, Texas, but it serves a number of other states. This includes New York, Maryland, New Jersey, Pennsylvania and Washington D.C. The majority of its services are being offered across the country, but its energy consumption services are only available in specific deregulatory energy markets. Stream Energy has raised the bar higher, and it is changing the status quo.


Architecture is of one of the most covetous careers we have in the economy today with architects ranking among the most paid individuals. Like with all professional bodies, architects in American have their own body that governs their conduct and champions for the growth of their career. American Institute of Architects is an architectural body established in 1857 with a team of 13 committed architects whose objective was to improve the standards of the profession while promoting the practical competence of its members. Currently, this organization is headquartered in Washington, D.C. with Thomas V. Vonier, FAIA as its president and Robert Ivy, FAIA as its Executive Vice President and Chief Executive Officer.

Prior to the establishment of the American Institute of Architects, anybody could recognize himself or herself as an architect. However, with the constitution and rules that govern this body, to be registered as an American architect, one has to fulfill specific academic competence and vocational training as stipulated by the organization. Up to date, AIA has over 90,000 registered and licensed architects and associate professors on board. In addition to being competent, these members are required by the organization to act by certain codes of conduct and professionalism in order to guarantee the highest quality standards in practice.

AIA Structure

The top functional unit of AIA is its board of directors which is chaired by its president. Under its leadership, AIA has employed more than two hundred employees on a permanent basis. Despite being a national body, AIA has roots on state and local levels. These roots are spread out all over US, Europe, Hong Kong, Japan, and the United Kingdom.

Functions of the Association

AIA’s work is pretty much cut out. Thanks to the united front, the American Institute of Architects body influences positively on the government’s architectural practice that affects the basic life of Americans. Secondly, thanks to its expertise and participation, AIA helps in the decision and policymaking process of the federal laws. Lastly, the body serves the public by assisting in the development of elegant designs at cost-effective prices that last for a long time thus helping in the preservation of America’s infrastructural space.

On top of the above functions, the AIA helps in influencing the architectural educational sector. Not only does this body influence books, articles, and online publications in the field of architecture, it also carries out public education to sensitive people on the benefits of architecture. AIA is also responsible for offering honors and awards to its exemplary members.