The architects education is extremely vital. The architect is much more than a draftsperson. Architecture is among the most complex areas of study and practice today, and the path to a license can take at least a decade.

In the United States, the architecture student studies 5 to 8 years at an accredited university. Then each student must complete an internship marked at approximately 3,700 hours. Each internship takes roughly 3 to 5 years to complete.

The licensing exam is 7 parts, and it covers a vast array of topics such as programming, site planning, building design, construction systems, structural and building systems, and construction documents according to There are thousands of material products and assembly methods in which architects are familiar with.

Their knowledge in these variables build over time with experience, and strict professional requirements. This includes continuing their education. A building is deceivingly simple because most of what makes it function is hidden.

The architects work happens behind the scene, before anything is built. That is more than likely the factor that adds confusion on what architects really do. Buildings are extraordinarily complex living entities, and unless designed in detail before construction major complications can happen.

Follow American Institute of Architects on Twitter

The architects education is valuable to a client for a variety of reasons. Each individual is a trained designer, and they also manage their teams and observe construction to ensure their documents follow. Their education helps each person to create healthy spaces building science and aesthetic sensibility.

Most importantly a valuable service is being provided, and contrary to popular thinking, they can save the client money. The architects overall process includes drawings, specifications, experience, and knowledge. Each person is fully equipped to answer hundreds of questions from design details to materials and products.

Clients that choose not to use a professional service, more often than not, find themselves in unfamiliar territory. The process then becomes overwhelming due to deficient planning, and lack of insight. Poor choices are made, and unnecessary changes that negatively effect cost and schedule.

Robert Ivy, the CEO of the American Institute of Architects has implemented a number of different techniques for the advancement. Robert Ivy has released a number of ads showing on major television networks. These ads are in effort to raise consciousness on the value architects bring to communities. Ivy is tracking the progress, and he and his team are learning from what they see as far as engagement.


Trabuco Machine is an ancient device that was used in war. Also known as a balancing machine, Trabuco originates from a confrontational era in the ancient times. From the definition, the siege weapon was instrumental in multiple ways. Since 400 DC when the machine was introduced by the Chinese, Trabuco has been one of the most preferred machines in fighting. A few years into its launch, it was introduced in Europe. Until the introduction of gunpowder, the machine was popular in China. The Mongols also found it useful in attacking Fancheng.

Different uses of Trabuco War Machine

Used by the armies in the past, Trabuco was functional in destroying enemies. The machine was utilized to destroy massive walls; a strategy that smashed enemies. Inclusive in the machine was a projector. This part of Trabuco was useful in shooting massive walls. The armies found Trabuco instrumental especially in offering them protection. Being a powerful machine, it was used to launch projectiles. Some of these projectiles weighed approximately 140 pounds.


Trabuco operates by transforming the potential energy from the counterweight to the lever. Afterwards, the potential energy is channelled to the targeted object by driving ammunition towards the loaded side of the enemy’s walls. The first Trabuco machine was however, not as efficient. The weight of the machine is directly applied to the projectile. With a relatively, average amount of procession, the projectile might be unnerved up to 80 metres away. Initially, Trabuco was too heavy to be operated by one person. It had a sling and a lever; some of the features that most users found abrasive when it came to operating the machine.

The evolution of the war machine

From the large war machine, a smaller one was introduced. This explains the transition from a huge war machine to an average one, which could be operated by approximately 15 men. The small version of Trabuco was more effective as well. In addition, it was easier to generate in terms of features. In fact, it took about 12 days to come up with the smaller Trabuco. Even though Trabuco is no longer useful in the current generation, it can be built for various activities. It could be throwing paper balls or grapes. Read more:

Nowadays the desire of a consumer to buy a product is greatly influenced by the power of the crowd. Customers are relying on reviews done by the masses to determine the value of a product and trust the ones that tend to recommend them. Before purchasing a product, many people are currently researching the relevant companies and read reviews to make-up their minds. Due to this changing trend, Savvy brands exploiting its marketing strategy by focusing on the crowd reviews.

Fabletics has also not been left behind since it got established in 2013, it has developed more than two hundred percent of revenue that is more than 235 million dollars. This exponential growth has been significantly contributed by it embracing the use of crowd reviews. These consumer reviews can substantially increase customer purchase, can increase customers loyalty to a product and retention of a trademark in all industries.

In a recent research done, about 84 percent of people involved believe online reviews in the same level as a personal recommendation from an individual they know. This figure has been increasing every year the research gets done. Unlike before where the value of trust for products was low due to the traditional methods of marketing and advertising, currently, there is trust, safety, and power in views and response of the crowd.

In that research more than half of the customers involved, research a business at least once in every month. It is an increase of 23 percent. 60 percent of them said that a negative review makes them not use the business product. It shows that a company’s reputation is one the most influential customer considerations. Original, honest, reviews lift business’ bottom lines. Such reviews enhance search rankings, attracts many customers which leads to high revenue. As a business tactic, use of surveys in providing products or as part of your of customer service approach earns many loyal customers with high LTV and more returns on their investment.

It was at Beverly Hills Hotel where Kate Hudson walked over a red carpet. There were the usual hanger-on, celebs, and paparazzi that one would expect to find in Hollywood event. But this time, it was not one. Rather than marketing for a TV or a movie, they were celebrating the establishment of Fabletics’ collaboration with pop superstar Demi Lovato.

When the founders of TechStyle wanted to change the company to another brand, they did not know athleisure. But Kate Hudson came into their mind. Gregg says that Kate gave what they needed. It got attributed to her character of being approachable, straightforward and her active lifestyle. She participated in every activity of the business since day one. May it be reviewing the budget or getting a social media tactic, Kate was highly involved in it. She was also highly engaged in the process of design and worked closely with the relevant team to make sure that the styles stayed fresh.


Fagali’i Airport is a public airport that is operated by the Samoa Airport Authority. The renowned airport is located in the Fagali’i-Uta area in Samoa. The airport serves the entire Apia area and it has had a long and interesting history.

However, the airport hasn’t always been operated by the Samoa Airport Authority. Earlier it was operated and owned by the Samoa Government and the Polynesian Airlines. Fagali’i started out as a grass airstrip. However, in 2002 on July 6th the airport was reopened after renovations had been made on it. Unfortunately, the better looking paved airport was decommissioned again. This happened in 2005 after the local villagers and the Samoa Government complained about the loud noise emanating from the airport. Safety concerns were also raised by the same parties.

Interestingly Fagili’i airport was once again opened four years later in 2009 on July 1st by the Polynesian Airlines. However, this news was not taken well by everyone. There are some people who still raised issues that touched on safety, environmental implications, and the airport’s location. These groups of people heavily criticized the move of reopening the embattled airport again. Some of them argued that the scheme might fail and cause another burden to the local community that is adjacent to it.

However, this didn’t stop the resuming of regular and additional services at Fagili’i airport. International flights to American Samoa, Tonga, and Pago Pago could now operate from this airport. Over the years some renowned airlines have also functioned from the airport. They include; Samoa Air, Talofa Airways, South Pacific Island Airways and Polynesian Airlines among others.

Fagili’i airport is strategically placed and numerous infrastructures can be spotted near it. Popular and renowned hotels are also located very close to the hotel. Some of these hotels include; Taumeasina Island Resort which is 1.5 km away from the airport. Sheraton Samoa Aggie Grey’s Hotel and Bungalows is 2.9 km away from the airport. Insel Fehmarn Hotel which is almost adjacent to the airport and many others. All these hotels provide world-class services and they feature all the modern amenities that current hotels have.



Jeremy Goldstein possesses a doctorate from the New York University’s Law school. He further obtained his masters from Chicago University. He acquired his bachelor in arts from Cornell University. He is recorded to have had distinctions in all his subjects.

In his lawmaking career, he has had great success. He founded his firm after a series of undertakings in other law firms. Also, he is the chair of Mergers Acquisition subcommittee. The committee deals with compensation issues. As a corporate governance expert, he has written extensively on the topic.


Jeremy Goldstein has a firm belief in the implementation of knockout options. He outlines the benefits that are associated with knockout options. Employees will more often get tired of the selections approaches. Also, the fact that financial overburdening may occur is cited as an advantage.


Jeremy Goldstein further cites knockout options as being simple to understand. Such options are considered to provide the same value to all employees. A company’s success will most probably be prioritized as well. This is because the choices are valuable if only the company values rise.


Jeremy Goldstein believes in embracing knockouts. These are barriers to the financial success of a company. The process of adopting knockouts is simple. Employers should set a limit below which share values should not hit. As such, accounting costs will most likely reduce. The success of a company is therefore guaranteed.


Jeremy Goldstein believes that overhang threats are eliminated if knockout options are well embraced. Additionally, significant business obstacles are eradicated by knockout decisions. He possesses an extensive experience as a business lawyer. Many businesses, therefore, consult Jeremy Goldstein for any legal advice. Jeremy Goldstein’s success has been attributed to the excellence of his work.


Connect with Jeremy Goldstein on LinkedIn.

We are living in some of the most modern of times. Energy consumption is at an all-time high thanks to the abundance of electronic devices. The average household has a long list of energy drainers. This includes desktop computers, laptops, HDTVs, DVD players, fans, coffee machines, video gaming consoles, air conditioning units, appliances and fans. This list can go on and on, but did you know that if you leave your devices plugged in, the devices are still pulling current? Studies have shown that turning off the device doesn’t cut off its energy supply entirely. Leaving the lights on is another cash drainer and just about everyone is guilty of doing this. Read more about Stream Energy at

Phantom drain is the technical term of this situation, and it will definitely drain your spare cash by the end of the year. The amounts are in small amounts, but these small amounts really add up over a span of months. DVRs pull a lot of juice even though they’re not in use. On an annual basis, DVRs total cash draining amount is estimated at about $36. If you have an entertainment system that’s full of devices then the estimated reports stand at about $136 per year. That’s right! There are progressive things that you can do. This would include you to plug your devices into a power-strip. You could also just unplug the thing when you’re not using them. This is where Stream Energy comes into the picture, and it is changing the game thanks to it’s brilliant money saving services. Learn more at Biz Journals about Stream Energy.

Stream Energy is basically energy, home, wireless and protective services that can actually monitor and report household energy usage. The idea is rather brilliant and many people have jumped on-board. The company was started back in 2004 by Rob Snyder and Pierre Koshajki. Its business location is headquartered in Dallas, Texas, but it serves a number of other states. This includes New York, Maryland, New Jersey, Pennsylvania and Washington D.C. The majority of its services are being offered across the country, but its energy consumption services are only available in specific deregulatory energy markets. Stream Energy has raised the bar higher, and it is changing the status quo.


Architecture is of one of the most covetous careers we have in the economy today with architects ranking among the most paid individuals. Like with all professional bodies, architects in American have their own body that governs their conduct and champions for the growth of their career. American Institute of Architects is an architectural body established in 1857 with a team of 13 committed architects whose objective was to improve the standards of the profession while promoting the practical competence of its members. Currently, this organization is headquartered in Washington, D.C. with Thomas V. Vonier, FAIA as its president and Robert Ivy, FAIA as its Executive Vice President and Chief Executive Officer.

Prior to the establishment of the American Institute of Architects, anybody could recognize himself or herself as an architect. However, with the constitution and rules that govern this body, to be registered as an American architect, one has to fulfill specific academic competence and vocational training as stipulated by the organization. Up to date, AIA has over 90,000 registered and licensed architects and associate professors on board. In addition to being competent, these members are required by the organization to act by certain codes of conduct and professionalism in order to guarantee the highest quality standards in practice.

AIA Structure

The top functional unit of AIA is its board of directors which is chaired by its president. Under its leadership, AIA has employed more than two hundred employees on a permanent basis. Despite being a national body, AIA has roots on state and local levels. These roots are spread out all over US, Europe, Hong Kong, Japan, and the United Kingdom.

Functions of the Association

AIA’s work is pretty much cut out. Thanks to the united front, the American Institute of Architects body influences positively on the government’s architectural practice that affects the basic life of Americans. Secondly, thanks to its expertise and participation, AIA helps in the decision and policymaking process of the federal laws. Lastly, the body serves the public by assisting in the development of elegant designs at cost-effective prices that last for a long time thus helping in the preservation of America’s infrastructural space.

On top of the above functions, the AIA helps in influencing the architectural educational sector. Not only does this body influence books, articles, and online publications in the field of architecture, it also carries out public education to sensitive people on the benefits of architecture. AIA is also responsible for offering honors and awards to its exemplary members.

Invented for the purpose of firing objects, mostly during war over walls or crushing the entire walls, the Trabuco is an ancient weapon similar to the catapult. Trabucos were exclusively operated by the men. They were used to guard cities and attack other cities. In Brazil, Trabuco is a word that is used to refer to shotguns and revolvers.

Operation of the Trabuco

The Trabuco simply worked by changing potential energy to kinetic energy. The potential energy was in the projectile, and the pulling of the string generated the force used to launch it. The force transformed potential energy into kinetic as the projectile moved towards the target. The use of the Trabuco depended largely on calculations of both potential and kinetic energy.


The idea of Trabuco originated from the use slings. The vivid distinguishing factor between the two was the existence of a piece of wood in the Trabuco. The piece of wood was used to offer better lever. Thereafter, the Chinese kept on improving the weapon and even came up with the traction bolt that made the weapon more efficient to use. This was the smallest type of Trabuco. With time, larger Trabucos that required 15 to 45 people to operate were made.

The earliest historical record of the Trabuco came from Mardi Al-Tarsusi, an Islamic scholar on He regarded Trabucos as weapons of destruction used by unbelieving demons. It was until 1268 that the Trabucos appeared in the historical records of the Chinese according to It is believed that a Chinese commander known as Qiang Shen invited engineers from Persia to make Trabucos between the year 1115 and 1234.

The Persians are believed to have introduced the Trabuco to the Middle East. Later on, Scandinavia and Germany came to know of its existence and use. In the late 12th Century, the idea spread to Italy and England.

The use of gunpowder emerged slowly bringing the use of the Trabucos to an end. According to historical records on, it was during the attack of Tenochtitlan by Hernan Cortes in 1521 that the Trabuco was last used. Trabucos, like the ones used in pumpkin throwing championships, are today used to explain the concept of mechanics and for fun.

Learn more about Trabuco:

If you have heard about someone who walks unapologetically with fancy hair and ear-piercing makeup, then it must have been Doe Deere. Over the years she has proved to be an invaluable asset in the life of makeup lovers. According to Doe, you can choose to rock your purple or pink hair as long as it pleases you. This “Queen of Unicorns” is a globally celebrated authority and the owner of Lime Crime, an outstanding modern-day makeup brand. Doe Deere believes that people from across all divides have their unique opportunities to bring their dreams to fruition. While she has been pursuing success all along, Deere believes that success lies in making other people, something she happily does for her clients on a daily basis.



A Little Bit of Deere’s Childhood and How Her Aspiration Came About



Doe was born and bred in Russia before moving to U.S at the age of 17. In her childhood, Doe was always ambitious and wanted to become a musician. Surprisingly, this is exactly what she did after moving to New York. Her inner person kept her on the track until she eventually started Lime Crime. Doe Deere has a significant role to play in the beauty industry. People have always had a flawed perception of makeup, where they think it used to conceal imperfections. On her daily journey, Deere works towards changing this mentality and helping people see it more as a way of freely expressing themselves through makeup. Doe is a happy luminous soul who believes in the best for all women. Learn more:



Lime Crime Gets Conceived



Doe Deere set to register an eBay account in 2004, where she would showcase her newly self-made fashion line. Doe has a colorful taste, which is what she cultivated on. She crafted everything herself and made sure that her brand was outstanding. Things to do with makeup had already occupied her mind when she was sewing, and so reawakening it was quite easy. When the inspiration came, it was also triggered by necessity, and in some big way, this is attributable to the success she enjoys today. Having studied the markets and evaluated the available options for the clients, Doe Deere realized a gap in the industry; bright colors were unusual to come by. In 2008, Lime Crime was launched, and it has since grown into a tremendous success.



Unique Ways Through Which Lime Crime Sustains Their Market Relevance



Having all the departments within the company running flawlessly helps them keep track of their performance. As a CEO, Deere’s responsibility is always big. She has to set her foot onto every section of the business and offer guidance where need be. Again, she values teamwork. Whenever she conjures up new ideas, she considers a team that helps her in pushing them to fruition. When implementing, they always start off with themselves to test how authentic their products are. To them, the customers mean everything, and they have to protect them by all means. Their eCommerce platform has also grown incredibly, registering grand success for Doe Deere.


In some people, the drive to succeed begins early in life. This was definitely the case with Swiss entrepreneur Mike Baur. Before even graduating from Bern University and the University of Rochester, Baur had already begun his career in banking. In 1991 at the tender age of 16, he had already become an apprentice at the Union Bank of Switzerland. It was here that Baur first got an idea of not only how the industry worked, but they had also laid out for him a long-term line of what they thought he should expect in terms of advancement. Baur, on the other hand, had other ideas.


He did work for UBS throughout the rest of the 90’s, landing a key advisory position before hitting 30. This position gave him the experience and knowledge he would need in investment that he would carry into the future. In 2008, he left UBS, moving to Clariden Leu Bank, where he stayed for six years, growing his banking expertise before deciding to move forward again. Tired of the increasing amounts of red tape banks needed to get through, Baur had a new focus, helping start-up tech entrepreneurs.


This is where in 2014, Mike Baur first co-founded and launched Swiss Startup Factory, a venture wholly dedicated to helping promising tech firms find their footing in the business world. The Swiss Startup Factory provides training and mentoring to new tech startups that help lead them down the road to success. They learn valuable skills in marketing their services worldwide, learn to network with peers, investors and successful tech companies. They also learn how to obtain funding from investors in an increasingly competitive market. For the most promising startups, Swiss Startup Factory offers to fund as well, offering three months of free office space and general business funding.


Mike Baur is also a jury member of the START Summiteer contest from the University of St. Gallen, which allows startups to pitch their business ideas in hopes of obtaining funding to launch their venture. He was also recently named as the deputy managing director of CTI Invest a new partner of Swiss Startup Factory.


The Wall Street Journal profiled Baur in December 2016, chronicling his rise from his early years in banking to success as an entrepreneur currently. His passion for helping others find accomplishment in the business world has made him one of the most notable names in this industry.